Despite progress in poverty reduction and human development in Bangladesh, there is still an urgent need for more effective safety nets and programmes targeted at the ultra poor, who constitute the poorest 17.5 percent of the population (Source: Bangladesh Household Income and Expenditure Survey, 2010, Bureau of Statistics). People in this category suffer from chronic hunger and malnutrition, have inadequate shelter, are highly prone to many types of diseases, deprived of education and are particularly vulnerable to recurring natural disasters. Although the HCR (Head Count Rate) recorded that Bangladesh is close to achieving the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of halving the poverty incidence by 2015. This suggests that Bangladesh has been trying to effectively mitigate the poverty situation and BRAC remains to be a key constituent of this process.
Initiated in 2002, BRAC’s Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction Targeting the Ultra Poor (CFPR-TUP) programme is specifically designed to meet the needs of ultra poor households, who are too poor to access the benefit from traditional development interventions such as microfinance. The programme emerged out of three decades of learning from our rural poverty alleviation programmes.
BRAC's groundbreaking ultra-poor programme focuses on improving the economic and social situation of extremely deprived women and their households. Upholding BRAC’s holistic approach to development, we carry out a sustainable model by creating prospects for the most disadvantaged people within communities to overcome extreme poverty through careful selection, intensive integrated support including asset grants, skill development, personalised healthcare support, and ensuring social security through community mobilisation.
The objective of this programme is to assist the ultra poor population graduate from extreme poverty, get access to the mainstream development programmes and establish sustainable livelihood improvement.